Download The Congo from Leopold to Kabila PDF

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Publisher : Zed Books Ltd.
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ISBN 13: 1780329407
Total Pages : 322 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (83 users)

Read and Download Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja book The Congo from Leopold to Kabila in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Congo from Leopold to Kabila. This book was released on 2013-07-18 with total page 322 pages. Book excerpt: The people of the Congo have suffered from a particularly brutal colonial rule, American interference after independence, decades of robbery at the hands of the dictator Mobutu and periodic warfare which continues even now in the East of the country. But, as this insightful political history makes clear, the Congolese people have not taken these multiple oppressions lying down and have fought over many years to establish democratic institutions at home and free themselves from foreign exploitation; indeed these are two aspects of a single project. Professor Nzongola-Ntalaja is one of his country's leading intellectuals and his panoramic understanding of the personalities and events, as well as class, ethnic and other factors, make his book a lucid, radical and utterly unromanticized account of his countrymen's struggle. His people's defeat and the state's post-colonial crisis are seen as resulting from a post-independence collapse of the anti-colonial alliance between the masses and the national leadership . This book is essential reading for understanding what is happening in the Congo and the Great Lakes region under the rule of the late President Kabila, and now his son. It will also stand as a milestone in how to write the modern political history of Africa.

Download From Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo PDF

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Publisher : Nordic Africa Institute
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 9789171065384
Total Pages : 32 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (653 users)

Read and Download Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja book From Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TFrom Zaire to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This book was released on 2004 with total page 32 pages. Book excerpt: This paper examines the political and social situation in the DRC since May 1997, together with the prospects for a successful political and social transition. Consistent with the deepest aspirations of the Congolese population, such a transition will succeed if it involves an irreversible development towards multiparty democracy and the full utilisation of the country's immense resources for economic and social development. In other words, a successful transition is one in which basic freedoms and liberties will be guaranteed through democratic governance and the rule of law, with tangible improvements in living conditions.

Download The Congo from Leopold to Kabila PDF

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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1780329393
Total Pages : 322 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (83 users)

Read and Download Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja book The Congo from Leopold to Kabila in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Congo from Leopold to Kabila. This book was released on 2013-10-10 with total page 322 pages. Book excerpt: The people of the Congo have suffered from a particularly brutal colonial rule, American interference after independence, decades of robbery at the hands of the dictator Mobutu and periodic warfare which continues even now in the East of the country. But, as this insightful political history makes clear, the Congolese people have not taken these multiple oppressions lying down and have fought over many years to establish democratic institutions at home and free themselves from foreign exploitation; indeed these are two aspects of a single project. Professor Nzongola-Ntalaja is one of his country's leading intellectuals and his panoramic understanding of the personalities and events, as well as class, ethnic and other factors, make his book a lucid, radical and utterly unromanticized account of his countrymen's struggle. His people's defeat and the state's post-colonial crisis are seen as resulting from a post-independence collapse of the anti-colonial alliance between the masses and the national leadership . This book is essential reading for understanding what is happening in the Congo and the Great Lakes region under the rule of the late President Kabila, and now his son. It will also stand as a milestone in how to write the modern political history of Africa.

Download Patrice Lumumba PDF

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Publisher : Ohio University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0821445065
Total Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (214 users)

Read and Download Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja book Patrice Lumumba in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TPatrice Lumumba. This book was released on 2014-11-04 with total page 176 pages. Book excerpt: Patrice Lumumba was a leader of the independence struggle in what is today the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the country’s first democratically elected prime minister. After a meteoric rise in the colonial civil service and the African political elite, he became a major figure in the decolonization movement of the 1950s. Lumumba’s short tenure as prime minister (1960–1961) was marked by an uncompromising defense of Congolese national interests against pressure from international mining companies and the Western governments that orchestrated his eventual demise. Cold war geopolitical maneuvering and well-coordinated efforts by Lumumba’s domestic adversaries culminated in his assassination at the age of thirty-five, with the support or at least the tacit complicity of the U.S. and Belgian governments, the CIA, and the UN Secretariat. Even decades after Lumumba’s death, his personal integrity and unyielding dedication to the ideals of self-determination, self-reliance, and pan-African solidarity assure him a prominent place among the heroes of the twentieth-century African independence movement and the worldwide African diaspora. Georges Nzongola-Ntalaja’s short and concise book provides a contemporary analysis of Lumumba’s life and work, examining both his strengths and his weaknesses as a political leader. It also surveys the national, continental, and international contexts of Lumumba’s political ascent and his swift elimination by the interests threatened by his ideas and practical reforms.

Download The History of Congo PDF

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Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 9780313316968
Total Pages : 252 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (169 users)

Read and Download Ch. Didier Gondola book The History of Congo in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe History of Congo. This book was released on 2002 with total page 252 pages. Book excerpt: Gondola offers concise account of one of Africa's most mineral-rich and strife-torn countries.

Download Democratic Republic of the Congo PDF

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Publisher : Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1502636387
Total Pages : 146 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (26 users)

Read and Download Debbie Nevins book Democratic Republic of the Congo in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TDemocratic Republic of the Congo. This book was released on 2018-07-15 with total page 146 pages. Book excerpt: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the largest and most populous country in Central Africa. Its history has been marred by almost continuous war, and the Congolese people have long suffered through political tumult. Largely covered in dense rain forests, the country, also known as Congo-Kinshasa, is traversed by the Congo River, a lifeline that transports Congolese merchants with barges filled with fruit, grains, and bushmeat to local villages. Allow your readers to explore the vibrant culture and lush landscape of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in this book, which features informative sidebars and engaging color photographs.

Download The Congo Wars PDF

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Publisher : Zed Books Ltd.
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ISBN 13: 1848135033
Total Pages : 210 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (481 users)

Read and Download Doctor Thomas Turner book The Congo Wars in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Congo Wars. This book was released on 2010-01-01 with total page 210 pages. Book excerpt: Since 1996 war has raged in the Congo while the world has looked away. Waves of armed conflict and atrocities against civilians have resulted in over three million casualties, making this one of the bloodiest yet least understood conflicts of recent times. In The Congo Wars Thomas Turner provides the first in-depth analysis of what happened. The book describes a resource-rich region, suffering from years of deprivation and still profoundly affected by the shockwaves of the Rwandan genocide. Turner looks at successive misguided and self-interested interventions by other African powers, including Uganda, Angola, Zimbabwe and Namibia, as well as the impotence of United Nations troops. Cutting through the historical myths so often used to understand the devastation, Turner indicates the changes required of Congolese leaders, neighbouring African states and the international community to bring about lasting peace and security.

Download The Troubled Heart of Africa PDF

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Publisher : St. Martin's Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 9781429973328
Total Pages : 320 pages
Rating : 4.9/5 (733 users)

Read and Download Robert Edgerton book The Troubled Heart of Africa in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Troubled Heart of Africa. This book was released on 2002-12-18 with total page 320 pages. Book excerpt: "This book serves as a basic primer on how one of the world's most mineral-rich countries was turned into one of its greatest tragedies." - Publishers Weekly Written over a century ago, Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness continues to dominate our vision of the Congo, unlikely as it might seem that a late-Victorian novella could encapsulate a country roughly equal in size to the United States east of the Mississippi. Conrad's Congo is hell itself, a place where civilization won't take, where literal and metaphor darknesses converge, and where human conduct, unmoored from social (Western, in other words) norms, turns barbaric. As Robert Edgerton shows in this crisply narrated yet sweeping work of history, the Congo is still trying to awaken from the nightmare of its past, struggling to pull free from the grip of the "heart of darkness" cliche. Plundered for centuries for its natural resources (which remain Africa's most abundant), the Congo was not always a place of horror. Before the Portuguese landed on its shores at the end of the 15th century, it was a prosperous and thriving region. The Congo River, the world's second longest as well as the deepest, and one of the only routes to the continent's interior, provided indigenous populations with ample means for living and trading. What the Portuguese found first to exploit were people, and with the slave trade began a dizzying downward spiral of conquest and degradation that continued for centuries. By the 19th century the race to explore the full length of the legendary river masked a fight for territorial and moral control among the French, Arabs, British, Germans, as well as American missionaries, all of whom dreamed of possessing Africa's very heart. When King Leopold of Belgium managed to solidify control in 1885, the Congo "question" seemed solved. His reign, of course, was almost pathological in its cruelty-the true source of Conrad's "horror"-and its grim legacy endures to this day. Edgerton documents the Congo's long, sad history with a sense of empathy with and admiration for the character of the land and its inhabitants. Since independence in June 1960, the country has endured the machinations and disappointments of one dictator after another, beginning with Patrice Lumumba, and continuing through Joseph Mobutu, Laurent Kabila, and today Kabila's son, Joseph, who assumed power after his father was assassinated in January 2001. Whether called the "Congo Free State," or "Zaire," or the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the country remains perilously unstable. The Troubled Heart of Africa is the only book to give a complete history of the Congo, filling in the blanks in the country's history before the advent of Henry Stanley, David Livingstone, King Leopold, and other figures, and carrying us straight into today's headlines. The Congo continues today to be the subject of intense speculation and concern, and with good reason: upon it hangs the fate of sub-Sahara Africa as a whole. Here is a book that helps us face the stark truths of the Congo's past and appreciate both the enormous potential and uncertainty of its future.

Download Reforming Mining Law PDF

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Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1796022691
Total Pages : 264 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (96 users)

Read and Download Christian Matabaro book Reforming Mining Law in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TReforming Mining Law. This book was released on 2019-03-22 with total page 264 pages. Book excerpt: The Democratic Republic of Congo is endowed with immense mineral wealth. Its minerals include cobalt, copper, diamond, gold, iron, manganese, tantalum, tin, tungsten, and zinc. Yet the contribution of mineral abundance to the country’s economic development is poor. The Congolese mining sector was initiated in 1905 with the creation of OKIMO (Office des Mines d’or de Kilo Moto) and UMHK (Union Minière du Haut-Katanga). The rapid development of mining companies improved economic growth until 1973, when President Mobutu introduced a variety of inadequate economic policies, including zairianization and radicalization, that slowed down economic development. The actual mining code was adopted in 2002 to enhance a mining sector that already collapsed. This study suggests a variety of mechanisms and measures that are meant to energize the Congolese mining sector and, hence, allow the country to benefit entirely from its mineral abundance.

Download To Change The Mentalities PDF

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Publisher : Trafford Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1412021316
Total Pages : 250 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (12 users)

Read and Download Mfumukanda Masembo book To Change The Mentalities in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TTo Change The Mentalities. This book was released on 2004 with total page 250 pages. Book excerpt: As the title says it, the main reason that I wrote or put together this book is to try to change even just one Zairian/Congolese/ African's mentality in a positive way so that he/she might become socially, economically and politically independent, both abroad and, above all, back home in Africa. Zairian/ Congolese/African people must move beyond the stage of being passive consumers and become producers or active consumers in order to start taking care of themselves instead of sitting and waiting for help from the White man. I'm completely convinced that Zairian/Congolese/African people are intelligent people and that we can do just as well economically/socially/politically as European/North Americans by taking advantage of the brains that God has given to everyone (Black, White, Yellow, etc.). We must start trusting in ourselves (in our brains, which are not different from the Europeans'/North Americans'); for without doing this, we will remain dependent on the Europeans/North Americans and will continue to escape the reality back home by immigrating to Europe/North America. This book is simply a collection of articles written by different brothers/sisters (engineers, military officers, journalists, medical doctors, computer-scientists, pastors, linguists, and many other kinds of people) who have gained a lot of experience by living/working in different areas of the planet (Zaire/D.R. Congo, South Africa, Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Togo, Niger, Cameroon, Russia, Angola, Congo-Brazzaville, Holland, R.C. Africa, China, Gabon, Belgium, France, Canada, USA, England, etc.)This book is divided into 22 chapters, addressing different subjects/topics regarding Zaire/D.R. Congo in particular and Africa in general, from King Leopold II up to the present day. The book talks about witchcraft, religion, Peter Botha's speech on apartheid, Papa Wemba's arrest in France, Grooming (Religion "Kitendi"), sterility, questions regarding the legitimacy of Joseph Kabila's presidency, the Linguistic inferiority complex, lack of creativity among Black people, Mobutu's theory of resort to authenticity, and many othertopics.

Download The Congo Wars PDF

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Publisher : Zed Books
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ISBN 13: 9781842776896
Total Pages : 260 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (768 users)

Read and Download Thomas Turner book The Congo Wars in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Congo Wars. This book was released on 2007-04 with total page 260 pages. Book excerpt: Publisher Description

Download Anywhere But Here PDF

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Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 162674288X
Total Pages : 256 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (267 users)

Read and Download Kendahl Radcliffe book Anywhere But Here in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TAnywhere But Here. This book was released on 2014-12-31 with total page 256 pages. Book excerpt: Contributions by Keiko Araki, Ikaweba Bunting, Kimberly Cleveland, Amy Caldwell de Farias, Kimberli Gant, Danielle Legros Georges, Douglas W. Leonard, John Maynard, Kendahl Radcliffe, Edward L. Robinson Jr., Jennifer Scott, and Anja Werner Anywhere But Here brings together new scholarship on the cross-cultural experiences of intellectuals of African descent since the eighteenth century. The book embraces historian Paul Gilroy's prominent thesis in The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double-Consciousness and posits arguments beyond The Black Atlantic's traditional organization and symbolism. Contributions are arranged into three sections that highlight the motivations and characteristics connecting a certain set of agents, thinkers, and intellectuals: the first, Re-ordering Worldviews: Rebellious Thinkers, Poets, Writers, and Political Architects; the second, Crafting Connections: Strategic and Ideological Alliances; and the third, Cultural Mastery in Foreign Spaces: Evolving Visions of Home and Identity. These essays expand categories and suggest patterns at play that have united individuals and communities across the African diaspora. They highlight the stories of people who, from their intercultural and often marginalized positions, challenged the status quo, created strategic (and at times, unexpected) international alliances, cultivated expertise and cultural fluency abroad, as well as crafted physical and intellectual spaces for their self-expression and dignity to thrive. What, for example, connects the eighteenth-century Igbo author Olaudah Equiano with 1940s literary figure Richard Wright; nineteenth-century expatriate anthropologist Antenor Fermin with 1960s Haitian émigrés to the Congo; Japanese Pan-Asianists and Southern Hemisphere Aboriginal activists with Jamaican-born Marcus Garvey; or Angela Davis with artists of the British Black Arts Movement, Ingrid Pollard and Zarina Bhimji? They are all part of a mapping that reaches across and beyond geographical, historical, and ideological boundaries typically associated with the "Black Atlantic." They reflect accounts of individuals and communities equally united in their will to seek out better lives, often, as the title suggests, "anywhere but here."

Download Congo PDF

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0745656722
Total Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (456 users)

Read and Download Thomas Turner book Congo in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TCongo. This book was released on 2013-04-18 with total page 240 pages. Book excerpt: The Democratic Republic of Congo has become one of the world's bloodiest hot spots. 2003 saw the end of a five-year war in which millions lost their lives - one of the deadliest conflicts since World War II. Despite recent peace agreements and democratic elections, the country is still plagued by army and militia violence. Congo remains deeply troubled, since the deep-rooted causes of conflict have not been adequately addressed. The conflict in the DRC has divided opinion; some call it a civil war, or a war of aggression by the country's neighbours; others a continuation of Rwanda's Hutu-Tutsi conflict on Congolose soil, and a war of partition and pillage. The prevalence of rape and sexual violence has led some analysts to mark it out as a hidden ‘war against women'. Tom Turner's insightful book reveals how each of these descriptions accurately captures the separate elements of this complex and multidimensional political conflict. In exploring each of these contributory factors, he shows how current attempts to rebuild the shattered state and society of DRC are doomed to fail. So long as the full complexity of the Congo crisis is not taken into account and a clear consensus as to its precise dimensions reached, the future looks bleak. The DRC, he argues, will likely remain a global hot spot for some time to come.

Download The Battle for International Law PDF

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0192589474
Total Pages : 464 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users)

Read and Download Jochen von Bernstorff book The Battle for International Law in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Battle for International Law. This book was released on 2019-10-22 with total page 464 pages. Book excerpt: This volume provides the first comprehensive analysis of international legal debates between 1955 and 1975 related to the formal decolonization process. It is during this era, couched between classic European imperialism and a new form of US-led Western hegemony, that fundamental legal debates took place over a new international legal order for a decolonised world. The book argues that this era presents in essence a battle, a battle that was fought out in particular over the premises and principles of international law by diplomats, lawyers, and scholars. In a moment of relative weakness of European powers, 'newly independent states' and international lawyers from the South fundamentally challenged traditional Western perceptions of international legal structures engaging in fundamental controversies over a new international law. The legal outcomes of this battle have shaped the world we live in today. Contributions from a global set of authors cover contemporary debates on concepts central to the time, such as self-determination, sources and concessions, non-intervention, wars of national liberation, multinational corporations, and the law of the sea. They also discuss influential institutions, such as the United Nations, International Court of Justice, and World Bank. The volume also incorporates contemporary regional approaches to international law in the 'decolonization era' and portraits of important scholars from the Global South.

Download The Belgian Congo as a Developmental State PDF

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Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 1000636909
Total Pages : 274 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (6 users)

Read and Download Emizet François Kisangani book The Belgian Congo as a Developmental State in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TThe Belgian Congo as a Developmental State. This book was released on 2022-08-19 with total page 274 pages. Book excerpt: This book challenges assumptions that poor post-colonial economic performance is always a direct product of colonialism by reconsidering the Belgian Congo (1908–1959) as a developmental state. The book demonstrates that despite the colonial system’s economic exploitation and extraction, brutality, excessive taxation, and inequities, the Belgian Congo achieved successes in developing the economy in a short period of time. The Belgian Congo was able to achieve this by investing its higher rates of fiscal revenue in political stability, physical infrastructure, education, and healthcare. By reconsidering the Belgian colonial state as a developmental state, this book encourages scholars to adopt a more nuanced analysis of African history. Considering state capacity and state autonomy as key features of a developmental state, the book demonstrates that colonial state managers in the Belgian Congo were able to supply these public goods that sustained economic growth for decades. Whilst by no means glorifying colonialism or the atrocities that were conducted during the Belgian occupation, the book nonetheless outlines how different forms of capitalism were deployed to further economic development in the country. In contrast, predatory state managers of the Congo Free State (1885–1908) and post-colonial kleptocrats (1960–2018) have squandered Congo’s natural resources with disastrous economic and social consequences. Contrasting the Belgian Congo with colonies of settlement and other colonies of extraction, this book encourages researchers and students to reconsider the dominant narratives within colonial history, development, and African Studies.

Download Congo PDF

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Publisher :
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 9781590181119
Total Pages : 118 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (811 users)

Read and Download John Owhonda book Congo in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TCongo. This book was released on 2003 with total page 118 pages. Book excerpt: Examines the land, people, history, politics, culture, and contemporary daily life of the Congo.

Download Whose Peace? PDF

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 13: 0192513834
Total Pages : 240 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users)

Read and Download Sarah B. K. von Billerbeck book Whose Peace? in PDF, EPub, Mobi, Kindle online. Free book TWhose Peace?. This book was released on 2016-12-06 with total page 240 pages. Book excerpt: Recent years have seen an increasing emphasis on local ownership in United Nations peacekeeping. Advocates assert that it boosts the legitimacy and sustainability of peacekeeping by helping to preserve the principles of self-determination and non-imposition in an activity that can contravene them. However, whether this assertion holds in practice has not been backed up by careful conceptual and empirical analysis. This book fills this gap by mapping the discourse, understandings, and operationalization of local ownership in UN peacekeeping, both from the perspective of the UN and local actors. Drawing on the case of the UN peacekeeping operation in DR Congo and a number of other cases, it shows that despite its regular invocation of local ownership discourse, the UN operationalizes ownership in restrictive ways that are intended to protect the achievement of operational goals but which consequently limit self-determination and increase external imposition on the host country. This gap between the rhetoric and reality of ownership suggests that the UN uses local ownership primarily as a discursive tool for legitimation, one intended to reconcile conflicting normative and operational imperatives that it faces. However, because its actions do not match its rhetoric, the UN's attempts to generate legitimacy through discourse appear to fall flat, particularly in the eyes of local actors, and because of contradictions in the ways that the UN operationalizes local ownership, it also inhibits the achievement of its operational goals as well.